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Genomic Medicine

We're working in partnership with NHS England and the NHS Genomic Medicine Service to develop a personalised and predictive healthcare solution through the use of genomics.

Illustration four diverse people with colourful shirts with data running across them

What is genomic medicine?

Genomic medicine uses insights from a human's complete set of DNA (called a genome) to inform their healthcare.

But because people are very different, studying a genome by itself can't tell you very much. To make sense of it, it's essential to know much more about the person and their health, as well as their DNA.

Genomic medicine combines these two elements, using the science of genomics alongside information about a person's health to improve diagnosis and treatment.

At Genomics England, we partner with the NHS to provide platforms that enable genomics to be used to diagnose more accurately, treat more effectively, or even spot conditions before symptoms appear.

How is genomic data gathered?

Anyone who is offered whole genome sequencing as part of their care in the NHS Genomic Medicine Service (GMS) is asked to consent to having their genome sequence and health data and/or their sample (blood/saliva/tissue, etc.), accessible for research. It's your choice.

If you agree, your samples will be stored securely and your data will be added to the National Genomic Research Library, a secure national database of de-identified genomic and health data managed by us.


of rare diseases are linked to differences in DNA


whole genomes sequenced


of patients choose for their data to be used for genomic research

What can genomics do for healthcare?

Studying the genomes of many thousands of people allows doctors and scientists to find patterns in the data. By combining those patterns with health data they can pinpoint individual risks of disease, deliver definitive diagnoses and select the treatments that work best.

Personalised medicine

By giving us a window into the molecular differences between people, genomic medicine allows us to pinpoint individual risk of disease and response to treatment.

Fast and accurate diagnosis

Genetic biomarker databases such as ours can reduce genomic testing to a single analysis and deliver a definitive diagnosis more quickly.

Preventative medicine

Genomic testing helps clinicians assess for various conditions earlier (sometimes before any symptoms have presented), and provide their patients with appropriate treatment or preventative interventions.

Making an impact

See the areas where genomic data is being used to improve patients' lives

Explore Genomics England